Android may be a mobile OS supported a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software, designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices like smartphones and tablets. Android is developed by a consortium of developers referred to as the Open Handset Alliance, with the most contributor and commercial marketer being Google.
Initially developed by Android Inc., which Google bought in 2005, Android was unveiled in 2007, with the primary commercial Android device launched in September 2008. the present stable version is Android 10, released on September 3, 2019. The core Android ASCII text file is understood as Android Open Source Project (AOSP), which is primarily licensed under the Apache License. This has allowed variants of Android to be developed on a variety of other electronics, like game consoles, digital cameras, PCs et al. , each with a specialized interface . Some documented derivatives include Android TV for televisions and Wear OS for wearables, both developed by Google.
Android’s ASCII text file has been used because the basis of various ecosystems, most notably that of Google which is related to a set of proprietary software called Google Mobile Services (GMS), that regularly comes pre-installed on said devices. This includes core apps like Gmail, the digital distribution platform Google Play and associated Google Play Services development platform, and typically apps like the Google Chrome browser . These apps are licensed by manufacturers of Android devices certified under standards imposed by Google. Other competing Android ecosystems include Amazon.com’s Fire OS, or LineageOS. Software distribution is usually offered through proprietary application stores like Google Play Store or Samsung Galaxy Store, or open source platforms like Aptoide or F-Droid, which use software packages within the APK format.
Android has been the best-selling OS worldwide on smartphones since 2011 and on tablets since 2013. As of May 2017, it’s over two billion monthly active users, the most important installed base of any OS , and as of January 2020, the Google Play Store features over 2.9 million apps.
Image : The verge
Source : Wikipedia